WEEK OF MAY 24, 2013

Articles for this Update were compiled by the City Bar's Committee on the United Nations.

Sudan: UN humanitarian chief urges stronger ties between humanitarian and development efforts

The United Nations humanitarian chief, Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs Valerie Amos, noted that civilians in Sudan are paying a high price in the war between the Sudanese Government and rebels in that country. During her visit, Ms. Amos met with President Omar Al-Bashir, senior government officials, and UN member states, UN agencies, NGOs and other humanitarian partners to discuss, among other things, development initiatives.

Full story: http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=44978&Cr=sudan&Cr1=#.UZ5bsqKsiSo

UN report announces that global economic growth remains sluggish, with prospect of gradual improvement

According to the UN World Economic Situation and Prospects (WESP) 2013 mid-year update, since late 2012, new policy initiatives in major developed economies have lower the risk of systemic problems and helped stabilize consumer, business and investor confidence, albeit with rather limited improvement in economic growth.

For example, the US unemployment rate has fallen during that time period, although it remains high by historical standards. Further improvements are expected, however, with US unemployment forecast to fall to 7 per cent in 2014.

Read the report: http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=44977&Cr=global+economy&Cr1=

UN and World Bank chiefs voice support for latest peace effort in DRC

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and World Bank President Jim Yong Kim visited the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) to support a recent peace deal and promote economic development in that country.

The two officials met with a variety of stakeholders, including President Kabila and other Government officials, parliamentarians and representatives of civil society, and visited the eastern city of Goma, in their effort to show support for the peace deal.

Full story: http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=44968&Cr=democratic&Cr1=congo#.UZ41M6KsiSo

UN emergency fund provides $9.8 million to assist Syrian refugees in Jordan

The United Nations Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) has provided $9.8 million to help establish a new camp for Syrian refugees in Jordan and meet the expanding needs of those fleeing the ongoing conflict.

The allocated funds will be channeled through the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the UN Childrenís Fund (UNICEF), with a view to providing assistance to the first 50,000 refugees needing shelter, non-food items, and water, sanitation and hygiene services.

Full story: http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=44966&Cr=Syria&Cr1=#.UZ-H2aI3vup

UN report says more than 7 million people in Africa receiving HIV treatment

A United Nations report documenting the progress in the response to HIV-AIDS in Africa stated that the number of people on that continent receiving antiretroviral treatment increased from fewer than 1 million to 7.1 million over the course of seven years.

The report stressed the importance of African Union leadership to efforts to reverse the epidemic. The AU, the UNAIDS and the New Partnership for Africaís Development (NEPAD) are preparing the first ever accountability report on the AU-G8 partnership, focusing on progress towards ending AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria in Africa.

Full story: http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=44963&Cr=HIV&Cr1=AIDS#.UZ48sKKsiSo

UN experts declare post-2015 development agenda must focus on equality

United Nations independent experts called on the international community to ensure that the post-2015 development agenda focuses on equality, social protection and accountability, while noting that one billion people around the world remain in poverty.

In addition, the experts urged States to establish independent monitoring bodies, inclusive of the participation of civil society, to ensure that the next round of commitments made at the global level are fulfilled.

Full story: http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=44954&Cr=MDG&Cr1=#.UZ4-iqKsiSo

Indigenous culture and youth a key focus at the UN permanent forumís 12th session

The 12th session of the Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues opened at UN Headquarters, where the two-week gathering of approximately 2,300 indigenous people will discuss culture, education and health. The forum will focus particularly attention on issues related to youth, indigenous groups in Africa and the importance of strengthening ties with international financial institutions.

The Forum is expected to adopt recommendations at its conclusion which will address the main issues, challenges and positive measures of cooperation to improve the situation of indigenous peoples in Africa.

Full story: http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=44952&Cr=indigenous&Cr1=#.UZ4_TqKsiSp

UN raises concern as fighting resumes between DRC and M23 forces

The United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) raised concern over renewed clashes between rebels from the 23 March Movement (M23) and the national armed forces in the eastern DRC city of Goma.

In recent months, tensions between the two groups have increased, as the M23 responded aggressively to the governmentís deployment of an intervention brigade in the region, breaking off peace talks with the government.

Full story: http://www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=44951&Cr=democratic&Cr1=congo#.UZ5AT6KsiSo

Topic In Focus

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is an international inter-governmental organization that seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy, and to inhibit its use for any military purpose, including nuclear weapons. The IAEA was established on July 29, 1957. Though it was established independently of the United Nations through its own international treaty, the IAEA Statute, the IAEA reports to the UN General Assembly and the UN Security Council.

The IAEA was born in US President Dwight Eisenhower's Atoms for Peace address to the UN General Assembly on December 8, 1953. Ideas embedded in that speech helped to shape the IAEA Statute, which was unanimously approved by 81 countries in October 1956.

IAEA programs and budgets are set through the decisions of its policymaking bodies: the 35-member Board of Governors and the General Conference of all Member States.

The IAEAís role has grown to include the promotion of safe, secure and peaceful nuclear technologies. For over ten years, the IAEA has helped countries improve nuclear security, helping Member States reduce the risk of nuclear facilities being subjected to malicious acts.

History of the IAEA:

The IAEA Statute::

IAEA Policymaking Bodies::

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